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Question regarding the example for Decorator in Python's class-static variable (_component)

Dozham 8 months ago updated by Sam Wareing 2 days ago 1

Hey there great folk,
Consider the following example for the Decorator pattern in Python: https://refactoring.guru/design-patterns/decorator/python/example

The section that defines the decorator can starts like this:

class Decorator(Component):
    _component: Component = None

    def __init__(self, component: Component) -> None:
        self._component = component

    @property
    def component(self) -> Component:
        return self._component

    def operation(self) -> str:
        return self._component.operation()


Is the _component necessary? Can't we just remove it together with the @property method and just initialize it to None inside the __init()__ method?

class Decorator(Component):
def __init__(self, component: Component = None) -> None:
self.component = component

def operation(self) -> str:
return self.component.operation()

Enlighten me.

To be honest, the Python decorator example is just not how it is done in Python at all. This is all you need:

import functools
from typing import Callable

def custom_decorator(func: Callable):
    @functools.wraps(func)
    def _decorator(*args, **kwargs):
        # pre-call decorating functionality
        value = func(*args, **kwargs)
        # post-call decorating functionality
        return value
    return _decorator

@custom_decorator
def decorated_function():
    # do something
    ...